Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMS) is the specialty of dentistry, which includes the diagnosis, surgical and adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries and defects involving both the functional and aesthetic aspects of the bone and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region. The term “maxillofacial” refers to the areas beyond the mouth, including the hard and soft tissues of the head, face, and neck.
Following graduation from dental school (DDS or DMD), the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon (OMS) completes a postdoctoral surgical program spanning a minimum of 48 months. Emphasis is placed on the oral and maxillofacial area by spending a minimum of 30 months concentrating specifically on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of problems of the oral and maxillofacial region. Training received by residents encompasses rotations to the medical, surgical, and anesthesia services where residents must function at the same level of a resident in the respective services. Because of this specialized education, oral and maxillofacial surgeons are licensed to perform procedures that are also performed by physicians.
Their knowledge and skills have enabled them to become proficient in the management of bony and soft tissue reconstruction of the entire maxillofacial skeleton, as well as the management of severe facial trauma. Other major areas in which oral and maxillofacial surgeons are trained include:
In-depth understanding of physical diagnosis, pathophysiology, and clinical medicine Pain and anxiety control through the use of general anesthesia/deep sedation. Anesthesia requires in-depth knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and pharmacology which is provided through extensive clinical training.
Clef Lip and craniofacial surgery which includes training in cleft lip and palate surgery and the correction of craniofacial deformities
A broad range of dentoalveolar surgical procedures which encompass: the diagnosis of oral disease and legions of systemic diseases manifested in the oral cavity, the removal of erupted and impacted wisdom teeth, hard and soft tissue grafts, and the management of infections
Surgical correction of skeletal deformities of the oral and maxillofacial region, also knows as orthognathic surgery
The diagnosis and management of temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ)
Specializing In Facial Cosmetic Procedures Such As Botox & Juvederm.
Because oral and maxillofacial surgeons have the unique knowledge of both a dentist and a surgeon, they often perform work that most others cannot. Being a vital part of the health care system, oral and maxillofacial surgeons’ specialization allows them to provide their patients with the best care and attention possible.
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